3 Reasons for Fertilizer and Food Shortage

3 Reasons for Fertilizer and Food Shortage

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Bad weather, the Russian invasion of Ukraine, and fertilizer shortages have led to fears of a global food crisis.

This infographic will help you understand the problem by highlighting three main factors behind the worsening food crisis.

#1: Fertilizer shortage

Since the beginning of the Russian invasion of Ukraine in February 2022, the war has disrupted shipments of fertilizers, an essential source of nutrients for crops.

Russia is the world’s largest exporter of nitrogen fertilizers and ranks second in exports of phosphorous and potassium fertilizers. Belarus, an ally of Russia that also deals with Western sanctions, is another major producer of fertilizers. In addition, both countries combined represent more 40% One of the world’s exports of nutritious potash crop.

over here Top 20 Fertilizer Exporting Countries Globally:

Rank nation Exports value (billions in US dollars)
#1 πŸ‡·πŸ‡Ί Russia $12.5
# 2 πŸ‡¨πŸ‡³ China $10.9
# 3 πŸ‡¨πŸ‡¦ Canada $6.6
# 4 πŸ‡²πŸ‡¦ Morocco $5.7
# 5 πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ United States 4.1 dollars
#6 πŸ‡ΈπŸ‡¦ Saudi Arabia $3.6
#7 πŸ‡³πŸ‡± Holland $2.9
# 8 πŸ‡§πŸ‡ͺ Belgium $2.6
#9 πŸ‡΄πŸ‡² Oman $2.6
# 10 πŸ‡ΆπŸ‡¦ Qatar 2.2 dollars
No. 11 πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺ Germany 1.5 dollars
number 12 I am Israel 1.5 dollars
#13 πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡¬ Egypt 1.5 dollars
# 14 πŸ‡±πŸ‡Ή Lithuania 1.4 dollars
#15th πŸ‡©πŸ‡Ώ Algeria 1.4 dollars
# 16 πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Έ Spain 1.3 dollars
# 17 πŸ‡―πŸ‡΄ Jordan 1.3 dollars
# 18 πŸ‡΅πŸ‡± Poland 1.2 dollars
# 19 πŸ‡²πŸ‡Ύ Malaysia 1.0 dollar
# 20 πŸ‡³πŸ‡¬ Nigeria 1.0 dollar


The main destination for fertilizer exports from Russia are large economies such as India, Brazil, China and the United States.

However, many developing countries – including Mongolia, Honduras, Cameroon, Ghana, Senegal and Guatemala – depend on Russia for at least a fifth of their fertilizer imports.

Moreover, the war intensified trends that were already disrupting supplies, such as increased stockpiling by major producing countries such as China and sharp jumps in the price of natural gas, an essential material for fertilizer production.

No. 2: world grain exports

The blockade of Ukrainian ports by the Russian Black Sea Fleet, along with Western sanctions against Russia, have exacerbated global supply chain bottlenecks, causing food and energy prices to inflate worldwide.

This is largely because Russia and Ukraine account for roughly third of the global wheat supply. Wheat is one of the world’s most widely used annual crops, and is used to make a variety of food products such as bread and pasta. In addition, Ukraine is also a major exporter of corn, barley, sunflower oil, and rapeseed oil.

Producer Cereal exports in million tons (metric tons)
πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ United States 93MT
πŸ‡·πŸ‡Ί Russia & πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡¦ Ukraine 87MT
πŸ‡¦πŸ‡· Argentina 56MT
πŸ‡ͺπŸ‡Ί European Union 50MT
πŸ‡§πŸ‡· Brazil 44MT
else 87MT


As a result of the embargo, Ukraine’s exports of grain and oilseeds decreased from six million tons to two million tons per month. After two months of negotiations, the two countries signed an agreement to reopen Ukraine’s ports on the Black Sea to grain exports, raising hopes that the global food crisis could be eased.

#3: Lack of food lately

Besides the war in Ukraine, factors including the COVID-19 pandemic and climate change have led to nearly one billion People who starved last year, according to the United Nations.

France’s wine industry saw its lowest harvest since 1957 in 2021, with an estimated $2 billion loss in sales due to increasingly hot temperatures and harsh weather conditions.

Heat, drought and floods have also destroyed crops in Latin America, North America and India in recent months. Between April 2020 and December 2021, coffee prices rose by 70% after drought and frost destroyed crops in Brazil.

In the face of multiple crises, the World Bank recently announced financial support of up to $30 billion for existing and new projects in areas such as agriculture, nutrition, social protection, and water and irrigation.

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