New research has revealed an association between feeding raw meat to pet dogs and the presence of all-important antibiotic-resistant bacteria.
The study was published today [July 21] In the Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy Examined adult dogs and found links between dogs eating raw meat and resistance to its excretion coli bacteria. The research is supported by a recent study by the team and published in the journal one health, which looked at 16-week-old puppies. Both studies, which used data from different dogs, showed that dogs may secrete resistant bacteria regardless of their age or the length of time they were fed a raw meat diet.
The environment in which the dog lived also played a role in the likelihood of it releasing resistant bacteria. Raw feeding was a strong risk factor for dogs living in the countryside, while in dogs living in the city, the risk factors were more complex, possibly reflecting the diversity of lifestyles and exposures among city dogs.
The two studies recruited a total of 823 dogs and their owners (223 puppies for the first study and 600 adult dogs for the second study). The owners completed questionnaires about their dogs, the dogs’ diets and their environment, and provided stool samples from their dogs.
The samples were then analyzed for antibiotic resistance coli bacteria and risk factor analyzes performed to explore associations between lifestyle factors and environments reported in the owner survey and to discover resistance coli bacteria.
“Antibiotic-resistant bacteria are ubiquitous, but some antibiotics are critical for use in humans,” said Matthew Avison, professor of molecular bacteriology from the School of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, who led aspects of microbiology in these studies. Those fed raw meat are more likely to carry bacteria that are resistant to these important drugs, and this does not mean that the animal or the owner will get sick.
“coli bacteria It is a common bacteria found in the intestines of all humans and animals, but it is a common cause of many diseases including urinary tract infections and can cause serious illness including sepsis if it spreads to other parts of the body.
“We must do everything we can to reduce the circulation of critically resistant antibiotics coli bacteria and other bacteria. Our research adds to the growing evidence that not feeding dogs raw meat may help achieve this goal.”
“We know that humans and animals share bacteria with each other, so what we find in your pet may also be inside of you. Pet owners should be encouraged to practice good hygiene and not feeding your dog raw food can be part of this,” added Kristen Reeher. , Professor of Veterinary Epidemiology and Population Health at Bristol Veterinary School and co-author of both papers. “We can all do our part to reduce antibiotic resistance and its terrible effects on human and animal health.”
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