Food poisoning can ruin not only your meal, but your day as well.
According to the Mayo Clinic, food poisoning, also known as foodborne illness, is caused by eating contaminated food. The most common causes of food poisoning include bacteria, viruses, and/or parasites, the Mayo Clinic says.
This disease can lead to nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal cramps, according to the Mayo Clinic.
According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, approximately 48 million Americans get sick from “foodborne illnesses” each year. If you have recently eaten with someone who has food poisoning, you may worry if the disease is contagious and approaches you afterward.
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Is food poisoning contagious?
Certain types of food poisoning are contagious. Whether food poisoning is contagious depends on the type of bacteria, virus, or parasite that caused it, according to Healthline.
360training.com says food poisoning is contagious, but that doesn’t necessarily mean it’s contagious from person to person. Oftentimes, foodborne illnesses, such as salmonella or Escherichia coli, are passed from animals to humans.
In general, if you’ve been in close contact with someone who has food poisoning, it’s best to stay away, says Healthline.
According to Self, you can get food poisoning not only from eating contaminated foods, but also from exposure to body fluids, including diarrhea or vomiting of an infected person.
If someone has food poisoning, they should stay home, disinfect and not eat or drink until symptoms are gone, Healthline says.
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How long does food poisoning last?
Depending on the type of food poisoning you have, symptoms can last from as little as a week to longer, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.
Most symptoms of foodborne illness appear within minutes to hours, as in norovirus or staphylococcus. In other cases, symptoms can appear later, including cyclospora and listeria food poisoning, according to the CDC.
What is the medicine that helps with food poisoning?
Over-the-counter medications, such as Pepto Bismol and Kaopectate, can help treat diarrhea caused by food poisoning in adults, according to the NIDDK. If your child has food poisoning, check with your doctor before giving him these medications, says the NIDDK.
Other treatments for food poisoning can include doctor-prescribed antibiotics, prescription drugs, or probiotics, says the NIDDK. Additionally, to treat food poisoning, it’s important to drink water to replace lost fluids and electrolytes, according to the NIDDK.
For adults, water, diluted fruit juices, sports drinks, and broths can help rehydrate the body. For children, oral rehydration solutions, including Pedialyte, Infalyte and CeraLyte, may be given as directed, says the NIDDK.